Effect of Survey Response Format on Participant Response

Wittry, Lewis and Bell, Kristina and Colclasure, Lisa and Taylor, Christopher A. and Sears , Dr. Sharon (2012) Effect of Survey Response Format on Participant Response. [Abstract]

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Self-report scales are used in abundance across several different professional areas. It is important to understand how wording, anchors, and formats can affect final results. In addition, short forms of scales are important for use in busy clinical and medical settings. Our experiment tested two different short anxiety scale formats in order to determine if responses would vary, and whether they would correlate with longer anxiety scale versions. For this study, we chose a Likert 10-point scale and a Visual Analogue scale represented by a line with beginning and end anchors. Our results did not support our hypothesis that we would find a difference in anxiety scores between the two scale formats. However, we did find order interaction effects such that when people responded to the number, they scored higher if they saw that version first before the line version. Finally, both short scales correlated with a longer version. Although both scale types can be used in gathering data, we did find that the Likert scale was easier to score and left less possibility of researcher error.

Item Type: Abstract
Created by Student or Faculty: Student
Additional Information: 7th Annual Natural & Behavioral Sciences Undergraduate Research Symposium Program
Uncontrolled Keywords: Self-report scales, anxiety scale, Likert 10-point scale, Visual Analogue scale, Survey, Analysis of variance, Statistics, Data analysis, Psychological aspects
Subjects: NBS Symposium
School of Natural and Behavioral Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Alejandro Marquez
Date Deposited: 15 May 2013 13:42
Last Modified: 15 May 2013 13:42
URI: http://eprints.fortlewis.edu/id/eprint/312

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