Nutritional Factors Comparing Predisposition to the Development of Insulin-resistance in Native Americans & Caucasian College Students

Johnson, Samantha and Meinking, Hannah (2010) Nutritional Factors Comparing Predisposition to the Development of Insulin-resistance in Native Americans & Caucasian College Students. [Abstract]

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Abstract

It is known that Native Americans are more likely to develop diabetes when compared to Caucasians. What is not known is why. This study compares the differences in diet, and lifestyle between Native American and Caucasian students at Fort Lewis College in order to determine the variables responsible for the differences in prevalence of diabetes between the two races. BMI was used to match Native American subjects to Caucasian subjects. Subjects had height, weight, %body fat and waist-to-hip measurements taken, and filled out a nutritional questionnaire. Differences between Native Americans and Caucasians when comparing % body fat, waist-to hip rations, carbohydrate, protein and fat intake, and exercise were analyzed. We found that Native Americans (NA) consumed significantly more carbohydrates (mean (NA)=54.97% + 7.87 vs. mean (CA)= 44.45% + 9.19; p=0.007), which corresponded to a higher percent body fat (mean (NA)=20.90% + 5.77 vs. mean (CA)=18.65% + 5.18; p= 0.05) and higher waist to hip ratios (mean (NA)= 0.82 + 0.08 vs. mean (CA) 0.80+ 0.065; p=0.059). Since previous studies had shown the link between inflammation and diabetes we believe that Native Americans may be more prone to developing diabetes because of a high carbohydrate diet leading to increased body fat specifically in the abdominal region, which is linked to increased inflammation in the body and the subsequent development of insulin resistance.

Item Type: Abstract
Created by Student or Faculty: Student
Additional Information: 5th Annual Natural & Behavioral Sciences Undergraduate Research Symposium Program
Uncontrolled Keywords: Native Americans, Indians Of North America, Caucasian Race, Whites, College Students, Diet, Body Mass Index, Carbohydrates In Human Nutrition, Insulin Resistance, Nutrition -- Evaluation, Inflammation, Insulin, Health & Nutrition Examination Survey
Subjects: School of Natural and Behavioral Sciences > Biology
School of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences > Native American and Indigenous Studies
NBS Symposium
Interdisciplinary > Pre-Health
School of Natural and Behavioral Sciences > Public Health
Depositing User: Alejandro Marquez
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2013 08:44
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2013 08:44
URI: http://eprints.fortlewis.edu/id/eprint/403


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