Analysis of Antimicrobial Activity of Yarrow (Achillea Millefolium)

Begaye, Ashlee and Hutchins, Ginny (2009) Analysis of Antimicrobial Activity of Yarrow (Achillea Millefolium). [Abstract]

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Abstract

With the increased use of antibiotics, antibiotic resistant bacteria have become prevalent. Plants have been a valuable source of medicinal compounds to treat infections. Achillea millefolium (yarrow) has been used for many medicinal purposes and recent studies show that yarrow extracts may exhibit antimicrobial activity. The goal of this study is to test if yarrow has antimicrobial activity; specifically, if the flower extract will be effective at inhibiting the growth of certain microorganisms. Both ethanolic and petroleum ether flower extracts were tested against the microorganisms Staphylococcus aureus, a gram positive bacteria, Escherichia coli, a gram negative bacteria, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a eukaryotic budding yeast. In the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion test, the ethanolic flower extract had the greatest inhibitory effect against Staphylococcus aureus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The ether extract slightly inhibited the same two microorganisms. Both extracts showed no significant activity against Escherichia coli. This research could be beneficial because it could lead to a new antibiotic and perhaps certain bacteria would be unable to gain resistance to it.

Item Type: Abstract
Created by Student or Faculty: Student
Additional Information: 4th Annual Natural & Behavioral Sciences Undergraduate Research Symposium Program
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antimicrobial Activity, Yarrow (achillea Millefolium), Plants -- Composition, Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria, Staphylococcus Aureus, Gram Positive Bacteria, Escherichia Coli, Gram Negative Bacteria, Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Eukaryotic Budding Yeast, Kirby-bauer Disk Diffusion Test, Antibiotics, Drug Resistance In Microorganisms, Microbiology
Subjects: School of Natural and Behavioral Sciences > Biology
NBS Symposium
Interdisciplinary > Pre-Health
School of Natural and Behavioral Sciences > Public Health
Depositing User: Alejandro Marquez
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2013 10:30
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2013 10:30
URI: http://eprints.fortlewis.edu/id/eprint/431


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