The Effects of Environment and Fatigue on The Balance Error Scoring System and The Standardized Assessment of Concussion in Intercollegiate Football and Soccer Athletes

Powell, Meghan and Meyer, Dr. Carrie (2009) The Effects of Environment and Fatigue on The Balance Error Scoring System and The Standardized Assessment of Concussion in Intercollegiate Football and Soccer Athletes. [Abstract]

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Abstract

A variety of field concussion tests have been developed to assess the athlete’s ability to return-to-play following a concussion. It has been suggested that fatigue and environment may affect the results of these clinical tests. To measure the affect of environment and fatigue on the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) and the Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC) among collegiate football, women’s soccer, and men’s soccer athletes. This study was performed in a clinical setting using one-hundred thirty-four (134) NCAA division II collegiate football, men’s soccer, and women’s soccer athletes with no current concussion or lower extremity injury. Each concussion test (BESS and SAC) was performed in 3 scenarios, 1) secluded environment during physicals, 2) on-field prior to a practice (non-fatigued (NF)), and 3) on-field following a practice (fatigued (F)). BESS and SAC scores were determined for each of the 3 testing scenarios. BESS scores were calculated by adding each loss of balance incident during the 6 testing conditions (on ground: double-leg, single leg, tandem; on foam pad: double-leg, single leg, tandem); the lower the score, the better the balance. SAC scores were calculated by summing each correct answer to the cognitive questions (time, place, recall, sequencing); the higher the score, the better the cognitive function. Statistical tests included 2 one-way analysis of variance with repeated measures to analyze the change in the clinical test scores. No between sport differences were significant for either the BESS or the SAC. A significant increase was found in the BESS measurements between the Field-NF and Field-F scenarios. A significant increase was found in the SAC measurements between the Field-NF and Field-F scenarios. Our findings reveal that results of the BESS and SAC are not influenced by sport played. Fatigue has an effect on the outcomes of both the BESS and the SAC when conducted on the field.

Item Type: Abstract
Created by Student or Faculty: Student
Additional Information: 4th Annual Natural & Behavioral Sciences Undergraduate Research Symposium Program
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sports Injuries, Soccer Injuries, Division Ii Men Soccer Players, Ncaa, Higher Education, Data Analysis, Male Soccer Players, Sports Medicine, Athletics, Medical Care, Physical Fitness, Brain -- Concussion, Balance Error Scoring System (BESS), Standardized Assessment Of Concussion (SAC), Fatigue, Environmental Stress, Stress
Subjects: School of Natural and Behavioral Sciences > Athletic Training
School of Natural and Behavioral Sciences > Exercise Science
NBS Symposium
Depositing User: Alejandro Marquez
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2013 10:30
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2013 10:30
URI: http://eprints.fortlewis.edu/id/eprint/459


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