Self-Efficacy, Social Support, and Physical Activity Among People with Spinal Cord Injury

Landes, Leah and Frazer, Lee (2014) Self-Efficacy, Social Support, and Physical Activity Among People with Spinal Cord Injury. In: UNSPECIFIED.

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    Abstract

    Previous studies show that people with spinal cord injury (SCI) are less likely than the average American to meet physical activity recommendations, and they face more preventable disease as a consequence. If health and fitness professionals are to effectively increase physical activity among people with SCI, a logical first step is to understand some of the variables related to physical activity in this population. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-efficacy, social support, and physical activity among adults with SCI living in the United States. Previous studies suggest that self-efficacy moderates the relationship between social support and physical activity in other populations. This study hypothesized that the same moderating effect could be found among people with SCI. Fifty-two American adults with SCI took an online survey to measure self-efficacy, social support, and physical activity. Moderated multiple regression analysis showed a significant correlation between self-efficacy and heavy-intensity physical activity. This is consistent with findings from previous studies on other populations. However, self-efficacy did not moderate the relationship between social support and physical activity, so the hypothesis was rejected. Health and fitness professionals should focus on improving clients’ exercise self-efficacy to increase exercise behavior, and future research should use more representative samples and more objective physical activity measures to look again for the potential moderating effect of self-efficacy.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Created by Student or Faculty: Student
    Uncontrolled Keywords: spinal cord injury, self-efficacy, social support, physical activity, exercise, disabled, disability
    Subjects: Undergrad Research Symposium > Exercise Science
    Undergrad Research Symposium
    Depositing User: Leah Landes
    Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2014 15:30
    Last Modified: 24 Apr 2014 16:15
    URI: http://fortworks.fortlewis.edu/id/eprint/514


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