In vivo Combination Therapy Against 4T1 Mouse Breast Cancer Cells Using Doxorubicin and CTLA-4 Blockade

Espinoza, Veronica and Harman, Stephen and Blake , David (2015) In vivo Combination Therapy Against 4T1 Mouse Breast Cancer Cells Using Doxorubicin and CTLA-4 Blockade. [Abstract]

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Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death for women worldwide. However, with current treatments there is a 20% chance of local recurrence within ten years, even when cancer is diagnosed in the early stages (Stage I and II). Treatments with a higher efficacy rate are needed to further decrease the likelihood of cancer recurrence. Our specific study used a combination of chemotherapy and immunotherapy: this combination boosts the effectiveness of both treatments. Combination therapy can also help minimize the unwanted side effects from chemotherapy by boosting the immune system, while the immune system is being suppressed by the effects of the chemotherapeutic drugs. We hypothesized this combination treatment would show the greatest reduction in tumor mass and in the number of metastatic cancer cells found in the liver. The chemotherapeutic drug used was doxorubicin, and the immunotherapeutic drug used was anti-CTLA-4. The BALB/c mice were inoculated with 4T1 cancer cells; 4T1 is a mouse-model for human breast cancer. There were 15 total mice separated into 5 different treatment groups. One group had only cancer, one group was not given cancer or any treatment, one group was given immunotherapy and cancer, one group was given cancer and chemotherapy, and the final group was given a combination of cancer, immunotherapy, and chemotherapy. Overall, it was found the combination of immunotherapy with chemotherapy was the most effective at reducing tumor size and the number of metastatic cancer cells.

Item Type: Abstract
Created by Student or Faculty: Student
Uncontrolled Keywords: chemotherapy, immunotherapy, combination therapy, CTLA4, doxorubicin, breast cancer, 4T1, BALB/c mice
Subjects: Undergrad Research Symposium > Biology
Undergrad Research Symposium
Depositing User: Stephen Harman
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2015 18:32
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2015 08:56

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